Diabetes, hypertension, many patients will pay special attention to diet, even some patients simply pursue the vegetarian diet, this is actu
Diabetes, hypertension, many patients will pay special attention to diet, even some patients simply pursue the vegetarian diet, this is actually a misunderstanding, diabetes, hypertension patients do not need long-term vegetarian vegetarian, and could lead to complications happen in advance
Diabetic hypertension should not be vegetarian
Diabetes and hypertension are common chronic disease, and the incidence increased year by year, although antidiabetic and antihypertensive drug control of blood glucose and blood pressure has been very good at present, most of the patients after the regular treatment can control the disease and ensure long-term normal life quality is not affected. However, the complication of diabetes and hypertension is an important disease threatening human health.
Diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy is a common complication of these two kinds of chronic diseases, as secondary nephropathy, the nutrition requirements, similar to primary nephrotic, and nutritional principles of diabetes and high blood pressure or have a certain influence, especially in terms of the type of protein. Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated Shuguang Hospital Department of nephropathy deputy director Dr. Yang Xuejun pointed out that many patients mistakenly think that a more conducive to diabetes and hypertension disease control, in fact. The content of non essential amino acids in plant protein is high, and the bioavailability is low. A vegetarian, but will accelerate the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy. Therefore, director Yang believes that for patients with hypertension and diabetes and should be appropriate to eat a vegetarian, animal protein, excessive intake of vegetable protein restriction. For example, milk, eggs, lean meat and other high-quality protein, to prevent kidney complications is a good. But do not eat too much protein food, usually an egg a day, a glass of milk is enough for a day of protein needs, and high blood fat to eat yellow eggs.
Beans and bean products
Beans and bean products are rich in protein, is a major source of protein for vegetarians, but beans and soy products will increase the burden on the kidneys, so that patients with secondary nephropathy according to the condition of proper use, need not be seen as a threat and the absolute prohibition of bean products. But the bean products are interchangeable and meat foods should be prevented, the total protein content exceed the standard. When the renal function decline, it is not appropriate to eat soy products.
Generally can choose to eat vegetables and fruits. Director Yang pointed out that due to renal potassium excretion function to reduce nephropathy, if hyperkalemia, often cause harm and even endanger the life of the body, so it should be appropriate to limit high potassium foods, should be less than 1500-2000 mg daily. Like fruits and vegetables (pumpkin, gourd, gourd), apple, pear, pineapple, watermelon, grapes, potassium content are relatively low, edible. The high potassium foods such as spinach, rape, leek, tomato, kelp, bananas, peaches, should be appropriate restrictions; but it does not mean that absolutely can not eat, but should eat selectively in the total range, and avoid eating concentrated juice, gravy; when there is low blood potassium, should eat more high potassium foods.
Sodium salt: high blood pressure itself needs to limit the intake of sodium salt, kidney disease development to a certain stage can often appear water sodium retention, manifested as edema or urine volume, limiting salt can effectively prevent the progress of complications. However, if accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, should not be excessive restrictions on sodium, and even need to supplement.
Calcium, phosphorus: kidney damage, phosphorus excretion will be reduced, resulting in elevated serum phosphorus. And the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 decreased, affecting the absorption of calcium. The concentration of calcium in the blood is reduced, so it is prone to osteoporosis, so the ideal treatment diet should increase the calcium content and reduce the phosphorus content. The low protein diet itself reduces the intake of phosphorus, is conducive to treatment.
Fat and calories
Fat: late nephrotic syndrome often associated with lipid metabolism, still adhere to low fat intake. Olive oil, peanut oil contains a wealth of monounsaturated fatty acids, can also be used as a source of energy.
You can choose some staple foods high in calories and low protein content, such as potatoes, lotus root starch, vermicelli, taro, sweet potato, yam, pumpkin, water chestnut powder, water chestnut powder, total calorie intake reached the standard range, ensure the balance of supply and demand. Director Yang also warned that the winged animal soup to drink, and Hot pot to eat seafood, do not eat spicy food.
A reasonable diet is very important for the treatment of secondary nephropathy, and has a positive effect on improving the therapeutic effect and quality of life.
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